Myths and Facts about Boat People
1. Boat people are illegal.
Asylum seekers who enter Australia by sea (or plane) without a valid visa are not illegal. They do not break any Australian law by coming here without papers and asking for protection.
The right to enter without prior authorisation is protected by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) which Australia helped to draft.
2. Boat people are queue jumpers.
There is no queue for asylum seekers to join.
Only 2% of the world’s refugees are in a queue. If all the millions of refugees worldwide were to join a queue, the wait for resettlement would be 135 years.
Australia is the only country where the term ‘queue-jumper’ is used.
Interestingly, the address of the Australian Embassy in Kabul is kept secret, for security reasons. Not much chance of queuing there! And it has no ‘visa function’ wither, so if you find it, you cannot apply for a visa. Some queue!
3. Boat arrivals are not genuine asylum seekers.
For obvious reasons, those who risk their lives in attempting the perilous journey by boat are more likely to be genuinely in need of protection.
While only around 20-40% of plane arrivals are found to be genuine refugees, the proportion for boat arrivals is 85-90%.
4. Boat arrivals present a security risk.
No boat arrival who could have been a potential threat to national security has ever gained entry into Australia.
A potential terrorist is more likely to arrive by plane because boat arrivals are subject to the most scrutinised security checks. The very act of arriving without documentation alerts authorities to undertake rigorous screening.
It is much easier and safer for a terrorist to arrive undetected in Australia by plane, either with a valid visa or false documentation.
5. Asylum seekers who can afford to come by boat are economic migrants.
A person who is rich and who is not persecuted is most unlikely to risk their life by trying to get to Australia on a leaky boat.
You can be wealthy and still be tortured. In some countries authorities are more likely to target the well-educated and wealthy as they are the greatest threat to an authoritarian regime. Remember the Jews who fled Germany in the 1930s: quite a few were rich, but they were still genuine refugees.
6. Australia is losing control of its borders.
No country in the world has greater control over its borders than Australia. Australia is an island continent with vast surrounding seas. This natural barrier makes irregular arrival very difficult.
Australia has around 4 million authorized arrivals each year: people coming for holidays, or business or study. The largest number of unauthorized arrivals in any one year was 7,100. In 2010, there were 6,502 unauthorized boat arrivals to Australia. So far in 2011, there have been around 2500. These are small numbers. The average over the past 30 years is 1000 per year.
7. Mandatory detention is necessary for border security.
Australia is one of few nations in the world which locks up asylum seekers who arrive without visas. Not only is the detention mandatory, it is indefinite as well. The detention lasts as long as the process takes – 6 months, a year, 2 years, 4 years – it varies. At present, it is averaging around 2-3 years.
Australian practice has shown that asylum seekers allowed to live in the community while their asylum claims are processed are highly unlikely to abscond. This is because they have a vested interest in cooperating in order to gain full protection rights.
In 2005, Australia introduced a community-based detention system which allowed some asylum seekers to live unsupervised in the community, supported by the Red Cross. Of the 244 people placed in this program between July 2005 and May 2009, the Department of Immigration and Citizenship reports that only two people had absconded.
8. We no longer have children in detention.
Whilst there are no children in high security detention centres today, as at the end of July 2011, there were still however 872 children in immigration detention of some kind.
446 were detained in the community under residence determinations.
329 were in alternative places of detention. People in this form of detention are still locked in secure facilities, kept under guard and have no freedom of movement. Many 5-15 year olds go to school, but not all of them, and for under 5s they do not go to pre-school and have very little recreation.
45 were in immigration residential housing and 52 were in immigration transit accommodation.
9. Australia has one of the most generous refugee intakes in the world.
Australia is the world’s 14th largest economy, yet in 2010, we accepted 0.03% of the world’s refugees. From over 40 million refugees globally, we took just 13,750.
In 2009, twenty industrialised countries accepted more asylum seekers per capita than Australia.
The overwhelming majority of the world’s refugees are situated in the developing world in countries neighbouring their own. Pakistan, Syria and Iran each host more than a million refugees and asylum seekers.
10. Asylum seekers coming to Australia could stop in another country along the way.
Asylum seekers who arrive from Africa, the Middle East and South Asia often travel through intermediary countries before arriving in Australia. However, there is nothing unjust or deceptive about this.
These countries are typically not signatories to the Refugee Convention and do not offer protection for refugees.
Indonesia has not signed the Refuges Convention. Asylum seekers in Indonesia are at risk of being jailed if they are found by the authorities. Even if they are assessed as refugees by UNHCR, they are not allowed to work or send their children to school, and they face a wait of 10 to 40 years before a western country offers to resettle them.
Faced with life in the shadows for decades, some of them are brave enough to get on a leaky boat in an attempt to reach safety in Australia. If you were in their shoes, what would you do?
11. Stopping the boats will save lives.
For people who are desperate, people smugglers are their only escape route. Cutting off a person’s last line of escape is no great favour.
And if you are killed by the Taliban, you are just as dead as if you drown.
Since there is no ‘queue’, refugees deterred from a boat trip are also effectively prevented from ever gaining resettlement in Australia. This is the real reason behind the ‘stop the boats’ mantra.
It’s not about saving the lives of asylum seekers. It’s about keeping them out of Australia.
12. Refugees do not contribute to society
By definition, refugees are survivors. They have survived because they have the courage and initiative to do so. These are exactly the qualities we value.
Refugees, who have fought for survival and overcome great traumas, have risked everything to make it to safety. They express immense gratitude and dedication to their new country.
The challenge for Australia is to help newly arrived refugees to rebuild their lives. If we do this, we will reap the benefit of the qualities and experiences they bring to Australia.
There are many refugees in this country who have gone on to do great things and have served us well in the fields of medicine, science, the arts, politics and much more.
Refugee Council of Australia – Myths about refugees and asylum seekers
Asylum Seeker Resource Centre – Myths, facts and solutions
Uniting Justice Australia – Asylum seekers and refugees: myths and facts
Chilout (Children out of detention)
Department of Immigration and Citizenship